Dental 101: What is Periodontitis?

 In oral health

Considered one of the most common human diseases, periodontitis is, nevertheless, preventable. If you are worried about yourself or a family member who seems to be suffering from swollen or bleeding gums, here’s a quick list of FAQs intended to answer your concerns by Northview Dental in Keystone.

What is periodontitis?

Already known to be a serious gum infection, periodontitis is preventable and treatable at its early stages.

What causes periodontitis?

The build-up of dental plaque harboring harmful bacteria is the primary cause of periodontal disease. This is why daily oral care is critical.

What are the symptoms of periodontitis?

Healthy gums have a pale pink color, fit snugly around the teeth and are firm. If you suspect that you have periodontitis, these are the signs to be on the lookout for:

  • Swollen gums
  • Unnaturally colored gums (purplish or red)
  • Bleeding or sensitive gums
  • Tender, swollen gums
  • Receding Gums
  • Halitosis or bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Gaps between the teeth
  • Pus in between teeth/gums
  • Painful mouth movements including chewing

What are some risk factors for periodontitis?

  • Poor daily oral habits
  • Gingivitis
  • Hormonal changes
  • Tobacco use
  • Substance abuse
  • Old age
  • Genetics
  • Vitamin C deficiency
  • Immuno-compromised individuals suffering from certain health conditions

How to treat periodontitis.

As always, early detection is crucial in arresting the development of any disease, and periodontitis is no different. 

Dental instruction and advice.

With the help of your Northview dentist in Keystone, you can begin practicing effective daily oral care habits. Listen to your dentist’s expert advice.

Deep cleaning.

Depending on the gravity of your situation, your dentist will initially perform a thorough cleaning of your teeth and gums to ensure all accessible dental plaque is eliminated. Your teeth will be polished and treated with fluoride. You will also be given a treatment plan which may involve some visits to your dentist to help you initially manage and maintain good oral health as well as to monitor progress against the disease.

Therapy and reassessment.

If you happen to have active or persistent gum infections, your dentist may prescribe some antibiotic therapy. You will also be subject to further dental evaluations to track progress and to establish whether or not your case requires more aggressive forms of therapy.

Schedule an appointment today if you think you may have periodontitis.

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